Guillain-Barré syndrome


Guillain-Barré syndrome
= postinfective polyneuropathy
a disease of the peripheral nerves in which there is numbness and weakness in the limbs. It usually develops 1–28 days after a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection (commonly with Campylobacter) that provokes an allergic response in the peripheral nerves. Involvement of the respiratory muscles may require mechanical ventilation. Recovery is variable and often prolonged. Treatment with immunoglobulins (intravenous) or with plasma exchange may speed recovery and reduce long-term disability.
See: polyradiculitis [G. Guillain (1876–1961) and A. Barré (1880–1967), French neurologists]

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.